Taking action all over the world your heart powers your whole body. It lets you love, laugh and live your life to the full. That's why it's so important to look after it. If you don't, you're putting yourself at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes heart disease and stroke. CVD is the world's number one killer. Each year, it's responsible for 17.5 million premature deaths, and by 2030 this is expected to rise to 23 million
But the good news is that much CVD can be prevented by making just a few simple daily changes, like eating and drinking more healthily, getting more exercise and stopping smoking.
This World Heart Day, we're asking you to share how you power your heart and inspire millions of people around the world to be heart healthy. So let's make sure we all take action to keep our hearts charged and make a lasting difference to our health.
Fuel your heart. Move your heart. Love your heart And share the power.
EXERCISE: One of every 2 individuals in the ICMR-INDIAB study was considered physically inactive. In general, advise adults to engage in aerobic physical activity to lower
BP: 3-4 sessions a week lasting on average 40 minutes per session and involving physical activity of moderate to vigorous intensity.. However, in a large study conducted in industrial settings, leisuretime physical activity showed an inverse social gradient (ie, higher levels of physical inactivity among lower educational status)
DIET: Advise adults who would benefit from BP lowering to consume a dietary pattern that emphasizes intake of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains; includes low-fat dairy products, poultry, fish, legumes, nontropical vegetable oils, and nuts; and limits intake of sweets, SSBs, and red meat CHILDREN: Consequently, rates of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and lipid abnormalities associated with obesity are rising—trends that are particularly evident in children.
Members of LOWER SOCIOECONOMIC GROUPS suffering the highest rates of CHD and the highest levels of various risk factors
RURAL: A study in rural India, for example, found that 51% of all CVD deaths occurred in individuals younger Than 70 years of age.
OBESITY: In 1980, the worldwide obesity prevalence rate was 4.8% in men and 7.9% in women. By 2008, prevalence rates had nearly doubled to 9.8% in men and 13.8% in women.
NUTRITION :One of the best studied dietary approaches in cardiology is the Mediterranean- style diet—a relatively simple diet plan that includes increased intake of vegetables and fruit, preference for whole grains over refined, reduced red meat and increased fish consumption, and predominant use of olive and canola oil.. Dark green leafy vegetables, including spinach and kale, are especially cardioprotective, probably in part because of their high folate PREMATURE MORTALITY in terms of years of life lost because of CVD in India increased by 59%, from 23.2 million (1990) to 37 million (2010).
TRANSITION :In a short timeframe, the predominant epidemiological characteristics have transitioned from infectious diseases, diseases of undernutrition, and maternal and childhood diseases to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)
IHD : The prevalence of IHD in 1960 in urban India was 2%, and increased 7-fold to «14% by 2013 RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE also continues to be a problem in several parts of India, with an estimated 88674 deaths (7 per 100 000 population) in the year 2010