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Cardiological Society of India Press Meet on World Heart Day 2019

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Hyderabad September 2019: WORLD HEART DAY is being celebrated on 29th of September every year all over the world since 2011. It used to be celebrated on the last Sunday of September since its inception till 2010. This awareness event was conceptualized by WORLD HEART FEDERATION in the year 2000 as an international campaign about cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and stroke prevention.

Cardiovascular diseases including strokes are responsible for half of all non-communicable diseases making it WORLD'S NUMBER 1 KILLER.

Taking action all over the world your heart powers your whole body. It lets you love, laugh and live your life to the full.

That's why it's so important to look after it. If you don't you're putting yourself at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes heart disease and stroke. Each year, it's responsible for 17.5 million premature deaths, and by 2030 this is expected to rise to 23 million.

But the good news is that much CVD can be prevented by making just a few simple daily changes, like eating and drinking more healthily, getting more exercise and stopping smoking.

This World Heart Day, we're asking you to share how you power your heart and inspire millions of people around the world to be heart healthy. So let's make sure we all take action to keep our hearts charged and make a lasting difference to our health.

Fuel your heart. Move your heart. Love your heart and share the power.
EXERCISE: One of every 2 individuals in the ICMR-INDIAB study was considered physically inactive.
In general, advise adults to engage in aerobic physical activity to lower BP, 3-4 sessions a week lasting on average 40 minutes per session and involving physical activity of moderate to vigorous intensity.. However, in a large study conducted in industrial settings, leisure-time physical activity showed an inverse social gradient (i.e higher levels of physical inactivity among lower educational status)

DIET: Advise adults who would benefit from BP lowering to consume a dietary pattern that emphasizes intake of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains; includes low-fat dairy products, poultry, fish, legumes, non-tropical vegetable oils, and nuts; and limits intake of sweets, Sugar-Sweetened Beverages(SSB) and also red meat.

CHILDREN consequently, rates of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and lipid abnormalities associated with obesity are rising—trends that are particularly evident in children.

Members of LOWER SOCIO-ECONOMIC GROUPS suffering the highest rates of CHD and the highest levels of various risk factors

RURAL: A study in rural India, for example, found that 51% of all CVD deaths occurred in individuals’ youngerthan 70 years of age.

OBESITY: In 1980, the worldwide obesity prevalence rate was 4.8% in men and 7.9% in women. By 2008, prevalence rates had nearly doubled to 9.8% in men and 13.8% in women.

NUTRITION: One of the best studied dietary approaches in cardiology is the Mediterranean- style diet—a relatively simple diet plan that includes increased intake of vegetables and fruit, preference for whole grains over refined, reduced red meat and increased fish consumption, and predominant use of olive and canola oil.. Dark green leafy vegetables, including spinach and kale, are especially cardio-protective, probably in part because of their high folate.

PREMATURE MORTALITY in terms of years of life lost because of CVD in India increased by 59%. from 23.2 million (1990) to 37 million (2010).

IHD : The prevalence of IHD in 1960 in urban India was 2%, and increased 7-fold to *14% by 2013 RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE also continues to be a problem in several parts of India, with an estimated 88674 deaths (7 per 100 000 population) in the year 2010

TOBACCO: It is estimated that, currently, 275 million individuals aged >15 years consume tobacco in India. The mortality burden attributable to tobacco in India is huge, because it is estimated to cause nearly 1 million deaths annually. It is alarming that tobacco use is increasing rapidly among young individuals (20-35 years) in India,53 with a steeper rate of increase among those with lower education

HYPERTENSION: Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study, also show that low educational status is associated with lower rates of awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension.

DIABETES: In 2013, the International Diabetes Federation estimated that 65.1 million people in India had diabetes mellitus, a high proportion of whom were adults of working age.

LIPIDS: In the ICMR-INDIAB study, a large proportion of people had at least 1 lipid abnormality; only 20% had all lipid parameters (total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) within the normal range.

SCREENING : The National Program for the Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases, and Stroke was launched as a pilot project in 10 districts of 10 states of India (January 2008) and focuses on screening for risk factors, health promotion, and health education advocacy at various settings.

ADHERENCE TO MEDICATIONS: using community health workers to improve adherence to medications and lifestyle advice for secondary prevention of ACS (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT01207700) with usual care

YOGA-BASED CARDIAC REHABILITATION program may decrease the incidence of major cardiovascular events and mortality.

Because RECIDIVISM is common, patients need continual encouragement from their physicians and support from family and peers.

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